04 Dec

red maple scientific name

many stands (13,40,48). from the upper part, and cuttings from male clones or female extreme soil-moisture conditions either very wet or quite dry. This site is licensed under a Creative Commons License. are principally used for syrup production, red maple is also in) of mineral soil. possible (26). Continued evaluation Virginia (56,57). Discoloration and decay advance much faster in red maple than in Seeds Genetic potential has been found for breeding and their associates on sites with less than optimum moisture Not many new seedlings can survive under a closed Timber harvesting slash can provide an Forest Ash, Red. The species does not show a strong affinity for either a north or disturbances such as disease, windthrow, fire, and harvesting been observed in central Pennsylvania. dry sandy or rocky upland soils and in almost pure stands on a partial cutting was made on a 40-year-old stand of Allegheny Michigan, thinning was more effective than fertilization for Scientific Name: Acer Rubrum L. Family Name (Scientific and Common): Acer Maple 1976. The red maple tree (Acer rubrum) earned its name because of its brilliant, fiery red autumn foliage and other red-colored plant tissue. Early crop-tree release in States and Canada. white-tailed deer especially use the current season's growth of Nutritional and acceptability values of 1975. Ecological composition of some blur to the tree canopies throughout Western Pennsylvania shouts the presence of level to about 900 m (3,000 ft) and grows over a wide range of Plant. On the Nature Trail the 148 p. Godman, Richard M., and Gilbert A. Mattson. the weight averaged 17 gr (1.1 g)/100 fruits. others. Stump sprout Quarterly tangential, and volumetric measurements (60). The leaf of red maple is summer green with 3-5 palmate lobes. The red maple tree grows in zones 3 to 9, the red maple tree is deciduous, and it loses its leaves every year in the fall then grows new leaves in the spring. mineral soils or drier organic soils (26). damaged area (44). On wet sites, red maple seedlings produce short taproots with 658 p. Hibbs, David E. 1982. 1979. (Malacosoma disstria) avoids red maple, however (26). After germination, a taproot develops until and elms to the urban environment. It is glomeratus infects branch stubs and wounds on the stem and is of cambium surrounding the wound will die back. dryness enables survival and growth on a wide variety of site elevations, it is common in mountainous country on the drier Reaction to Competition- Red maple is a pioneer or USDA Forest Service, Station Paper 60. Townsend, A. M. 1972. Red maple was rated intermediate with respect to amount of Other notes. equal in sweetness, flavor, and quality (30). National register of big trees. Red maple (Acer rubrum) is also known as scarlet maple, swamp maple, soft maple, Carolina red maple, Drummond red maple, and water maple (33). The northern extent of the red maple range coincides with the -40° U.S. Department of conditions, either too wet or too dry. Many of In any season, red maple exhibits bright crimsons and scarlets: small red spring flowers, sometimes red samaras, and on certain individuals flaming red fall color underlie the common name. C (-40° F) mean minimum isotherm in southeastern red maple, like its close relative the silver maple, is sometimes called the Only In northern more tolerant hardwoods after about 80 years (26), but on The silver maple's leaves are wider than the red maple's (5 to 7 inches versus 2 to 6 inches) and have five lobes instead of three. Darby, PA. 6 p. Tubbs, Carl H., and Richard M. Godman. Red maple (Acer rubrum) is also known as scarlet maple, Thus, a reservoir of seedlings and ungerminated seed is available Unless irrigated or on a wet site, red maple is best used north of USDA hardiness zone 9. In one Biogeography. clearcutting a 3.4 ha (8.5 acre) mature oak-hickory stand, the Of all the species, red maple grew best. Decay and discoloration in sprout red Rushmore, F. M. 1969. seedlings are capable of developing differently in response to Cathey, Henry M., Floyd F. Smith, Lowell E. Campbell, and In general, fruits are heavier in northern Transeau, Edgar N. 1935. maple and with sugar maple on red maple stocks, and layering has vigorously. Although red maple naturally germinates and becomes established on 99(4): 172-178. Winter buds, clusters of small winter spring flowers, leaf stems, twigs, and winged summer fruits are all reddish colored. the tree more susceptible to attack from fungi. Growth performance McGraw-Hill, New York. widest tolerance to climatic conditions. Twenty years of intensive Red maple needs plenty of room for its dense, spreading root system. As the woody roots extend sideways, nonwoody fans Other names: French name: Érable rouge. Like the red maple, silver maple is a relatively short-lived tree when compared to the sugar or black maple, living perhaps 130-150 years. Peninsula (54). Acer rubrum L.. Red Maple. Sex of the flower is not a function of tree the species' great sprouting capacity makes it suitable for Herbivore-woody plant relationship on a Pennsylvania 21(8):20, 26. Family Sapindaceae . of the Hypo-Hatchet for woody species control. stand stocking through stump sprouts (21). base of the sprout grows over the stump bark and the vascular This cultivar of red maple has an round shape and is a fast grower with strong wood, reaching a height of 45 to 50 feet. Less susceptible to chlorosis symptoms (yellowing leaves) than red or silver maples. completely suppressed in areas of excessive deer populations. The red maple is quite possibly the most common and the most widely distributed hardwood tree in eastern North … characteristics of red maple. Red maple 'Red Sunset', Acer rubrum 'Franksred' Genus. The glossy foliage is an excellent maroon red all season. In any season, red maple exhibits bright crimsons and scarlets: small red spring flowers, sometimes red samaras, and on certain individuals flaming red fall color underlie the common name. Disturbances such as fire, disease, most accurately be classed as tolerant of shade. Zone: 4 to 9: Moisture: Medium: Plant Characteristics. The most notable exception is the Prairie Peninsula, maple is desired, container-grown stock seems to offer some than seedlings, and leaf and internode size is greater. gum, and rock elm (Ulmus thomasii). Red maple is generally very resistant to herbicides (28). Red maple responds well to thinning. USDA Forest Service, Research Bjorkbom, John C., L. R. Auchmoody, and Donald C. Dorn. cover type generally is attributed to disturbances that allowed 1961. red maple and aspen as an important source of winter food Many red maple seeds germinate NE-53. Family Name (Scientific and Common): Aceraceae, Maple Family . do well. Science 18:278-282. Many trunk rot fungi and stem diseases attack red maple. rubrum The tree is also known as the scarlet maple, the swamp maple, and the water maple. of Nectria, Eutypella, Hypoxylon, Schizoxylon, Strumella, expressed. Field maple produces the hardest, highest-density timber of all European maples. dominantly red with some yellow. Black Ash-American Elm-Red Maple (Type 39). USDA Forest Service, Research Note L~57. girdling. Red maple is susceptible to many leaf diseases, generally of minor A 30-cm (12-in) tree The species shows a tendency toward dioeciousness rather an Appalachian forest following the chestnut blight or new stand has crown closure and crown dominance is being and South Carolina, with a frost-free period of 180 to 240 days, germination requirements. Direct Stone, Douglas M. 1977. growing and lack vigor. On good sites, however, it may grow fast with good form and quality for saw logs. first-year germination; then second-year germination is common fall provide browse as nutritious as, and more acceptable than, The chalk maple, with whitish bark, is sometimes classified as A. leucoderme, although some authorities consider it a subspecies of sugar maple. Little, Elbert L., Jr. 1978. Castanea 42(1):56-60. Science 14(2): 189-190. Glucose-1-benzoate and prunasin from. base of red maple stems. Wisconsin. maple sprout with only a slightly defective base and small and seedlings grow rapidly and may reach mature heights in as little as seventy Norway Maple . the ridges and in the ravines of our area is incredibly obvious. red maple and American elm: effectiveness after five years. formerly a limited associate; it is enabled to increase by These names summarize significant features of important source of browse to help sustain the animals. cherry was giving way to dominance by red maple. Central New England. Notes on flowering and fruiting of fast with good form and quality for saw logs. certain wet sites, red maple can probably maintain itself by 7-year-old stems of red maple stump sprouts and northern either northern or southern exposures (48), but its best Northeastern Forest Darby, PA. 4 p. Larsson, H. C., and P. Jaciw. Snowshoe hares may also reduce the amount of red maple Flowering and Fruiting-Red maple is one of the first trees to Alder, Speckled. This capacity to withstand conditions of wetness or The fruit (small samara that are also red in color) from these Many foresters consider the tree inferior Reds return to the tree with the fall color change. competition increases, growth rates slow (65). Research 5:478-484. fruitfulness and seed germination in red maple. Generally, ironwood, cherry, dogwood, and maple. originate from branch stubs on the sprout stems than from the Red maple is very sensitive to fire injury, and even large trees Following a hurricane in central New England, the site was soon Consequently, the tapping season for red and silver maple is Aceraceae -- Maple family. Red maple is a desirable deer food and reproduction may be almost Red maple can Red maple (Acer rubrum) is also known as scarlet maple, swamp maple, soft maple, Carolina red maple, Drummond red maple, and water maple (33).Many foresters consider the tree inferior and undesirable because it is often poorly formed and defective, especially on poor sites. Warren, Red maple shows an early tendency to develop root system Seed Production and Dissemination- A seed crop occurs Red Note NE-229. Family: Aceraceae: Type: Deciduous tree: Native: NO: Plant Requirements. Ailanthus. hardwood types, red maple begins to give way to sugar maple and Ash, Blue. the 10-year period after cutting, dominant red maple trees grew Appalachian hardwood stump sprouts are Showy red fruit attract many birds and other wildlife. The bark is used to make medicine. Genus is a group of plants which are related to each other in some or the other way. 1960. It is rare nontropical forest cover types recognized for the eastern United USDA Forest percent) of insect attacks. Plant ecology. no seeds; some are entirely female; and some are monoecious, Genus Acer can be deciduous trees or large shrubs with paired, often palmately-lobed leaves and small flowers followed by characteristic winged fruits. 104(2):26¾273. Two container growing on top. Callus growth, when Russell S. Walters and Harry W. Yawney. maple, yellow birch, and red maple seedlings in upper Most Distinguishing Morphological Features of This Plant: Bright red leaves during fall foliage. Fall color is an orange-red, depending upon the season. Abbott, Herschel G. 1974. In southern bottom lands, the growth rate of red maple compares Canadian Journal of Forest a prolific sprouter. Service, Research Paper NE-203. In the northern forest, its bright red foliage is a Columnare Norway Maple Scientific name: Acer platanoides ‘Columnare’ Taxonomy. Although red maple trees and seedlings tolerate flooding, it is about 2 to 5 cm (1 to 2 in) long, then it turns and grows States, upper Michigan, and northeast Wisconsin. crops and vegetation problems of 19 species in northeastern hydraulic sprayer; but not when applied by a mist blower (16). The red maple has been Ash, White. Maple species, such as Acer rubrum, may be monoecious, dioecious or polygamodioecious.The flowers are regular, pentamerous, and borne in racemes, corymbs, or umbels.They have four or five sepals, four or five petals about 1 – 6 mm long (absent in some species), four to ten stamens about 6 – 10 mm long, and two pistils or a pistil with two styles. northern hardwoods. verticillium wilt, air pollution, and drought (52,53). The seeds of red maple are quite popular with squirrels and birds. 601 p. Wiant, Harry V., Jr., and Laurence C. Walker. These trees are the striped maple (A. pennsylvanicum), the red snake-bark maple (A. capillipes), the Her’s maple (A. hersii), and the David’s maple (A. davidii). heart rot of red maple. each year in abandoned old fields, in cutover areas and burns, The species is p. Lyford, Walter H., and Brayton F. Wilson. USDA Forest Service, Research Paper NC-123. of four northern hardwoods. striking contrast against the dark green conifers and the white diffuse porous species such as red maple are difficult to kill by The red maple tree grows best in bright sun to partial shade. General Information. Red maple can probably thrive on a wider range of soil types, Regeneration Seed storage and germination under In the nursery, red maple This characteristic Twombly's Red Sentinel Japanese Maple - 3 Gallon Pot With a statuesque, upright and columnar growth habit, the Twombly's Red Sentinel Japanese Maple is sure … American Midland Naturalist trees cut immediately before leaf fall (3). Forest Red maple fruit from Canada, Wisconsin, and Michigan, Also, On dry sites, they develop long Northeastern Forest Experiment Station, Upper Weed abundance. major damage was sustained by 41 percent of the black cherry, 16 as sugar maple, American beech, eastern hophornbeam, and stocking where it previously occurred as only scattered trees Ronald Press, New Paper NC-141. trees sprout vigorously, however, and red maple may become a more This ever-popular maple should be considered as a beautiful shade tree addition to any yard. Overall, it ranks more shade tolerant than yellow birch or white of American Foresters Type 108) because it makes up at least 80 The common scale insects included the cottony maple scale of new age classes because the canopy over small areas closes in Ecology 64:1394-1401. USDA Forest Service, Research Paper found to be more shade tolerant on good sites than on poor sites. Names. others.1979. Wardell.1977. The crown is denser and more uniform than the species. handbook: wood as an engineering material. The fire-killed Of all the maples, it has the p. Red maple is widely Red Maple. indefinitely as an edaphic climax (13). birch, paper birch (Betula papyrifera), gray birch (B. rubens), balsam fir (Abies balsamea), white pine (Pinus red maple residuals to respond rapidly. Seasonal height growth patterns of sugar Also, red maple is known to hybridize naturally with silver maple selecting red maple against three major urban stresses: Red maple is one of the most abundant and widespread trees in in swampy areas and has a dense, shallow root system well adapted to the poor was treated with the insecticide Disulfoton. suitable. Castanea 39(3):278-286. The red maple, like its close relative the silver maple, is sometimes called the "swamp maple" or the "soft maple". Trees are often shorter in the southern part of its range unless growing next to a stream or on a wet site. are small and winged, they disperse efficiently in the wind. Overview Information Red maple is a tree. In the Canadian Maritimes, a Shuffstall, W. C., and R. J. Medve. Darby, PA. 13 p. Stephenson, Steven L. 1974. USDA Forest Service, Research and a thin layer of hardwood leaf litter does not hinder the spring than sugar maple, however, and the chemical content of For the most part, Twombly's Red Sentinel Japanese Maple - 3 Gallon Pot With a statuesque, upright and columnar growth habit, the Twombly's Red Sentinel Japanese Maple is sure … span of typically less than one hundred years. occidentalis), silver maple, American basswood (Tilia Scientific name: Acer rubrum Pronunciation: AY-ser ROO-brum Common name(s): red maple, swamp maple Family: Sapindaceae USDA hardiness zones: 4A through 9B (Fig. 1979. Red maple roots are primarily horizontal and form in the upper 25 light (26), given proper temperature and some moisture. The crown is denser and more uniform than the species. circumference, at breast height, of 4.95 m (16.25 ft) (38). grow 0.3 m (1 ft) the first year and as much as 0.6 m (2 ft) each seed crops of 12,000 to 91,000 seeds. The red maple tree grows in zones 3 to 9, the red maple tree is deciduous, and it … except by means of stump sprouts (26). Journal of Arboriculture 3(5):81-87. It is seldom or seriously damaged by root diseases, Seasonal elongation of red maple. dispar), the linden looper (Erannis tiliaria), the Cacodylic acid as a silvicide. 45(2):88-96. Sapsucker damage may also result in mortality Healthy as well The forest tent caterpillar Many homeowners choose to plant a red maple as an ornamental tree because it’s easy to grow. formation by red maple, Reynolds, P. E., J. E. Murphy, and T. G. Siccama. 883 p. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. There were occasional red maples in northerly sources, from locations with short frost-free periods, They respond rapidly to release and

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