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I have a Viburnum tree, several, in fact, growing on our property in Northern Michigan but I have not been able to identify them. Viburnum cassinoides leaves are used for tea. Virburnum trilobum, High-Bush Cranberry red fruit substituted for cranberries, used in sauces, juice, jams, jellies, syrup and wine. It would be interesting to hear what you are able to find out about your dogwood. Registration on or use of this site constitutes acceptance of our User Agreement, Privacy Policy and Cookie Statement, and Your California Privacy Rights (each updated 1/1/20). At least I THINK that’s the species. are doublefile viburnum leaves edible (Maresei) can I use leaves in cooking or on a food plate as decoration? The leaves are opposite, simple, and entire, toothed or lobed; cool temperate species are deciduous, while most of the warm temperate species are evergreen. And just to make sure you know V. oplus berries are toxic raw and must be cooked. Viburnaceae. The cranberry bush viburnums are well known for producing fruits that are edible and attractive to birds. The berries are highly acidic but edible. 3-4 tablespoons of berries (fresh, dried or frozen) in the evening pour 0.5 liters of cold boiled water, insist night, strain in the morning, squeeze … Its form is an open, sometimes stoloniferous shrub growing to about 6 feet. Similar species: Ten species in genus Viburnum are known to grow wild in our state. To tell the Viburnum nudums from the Viburnum rufidulum (the edible Rusty Haw) look for dots on the lower leaf surface. I have studied Viburnum extensively at school; now I can have a culinary adventure on my way to class sometime. The Rusty had much smaller bloom clusters followed by many of the fruit falling off. Is the Viburnum Rufidulum toxic to goats? Ilex decidua has alternative leaves. You can be reasonably sure of encountering it on just about any hike through the forests of northern New England. There is record of making jelly from the berries but I have not tried this personally. They can be dried for later use. State forestry or departments of natural resources ususally deal only with natives. I finally talked with Eleven’s  elderly aunt several hundred miles away. I found my first one in late summer, and as soon as I had my eye tuned to them I found hundreds of hobblebushes by early fall when the edible berries ripen. The Missouri River natives ate V. lentago, right. The genus Viburnum covers a large number of shrubs and the name is an old Latin name for one particular member of the genus. On first weekend in October they celebrate Old Miners’ Day. Viburnum Species: davidii Family: Viburnaceae Life Cycle: Woody Country Or Region Of Origin: China Wildlife Value: Fruit attracts birds as a winter food source. Incidentally the area’s economic base has been mining lead. Cold infusion of viburnum berries It is used as a vitamin, tonic; has a beneficial effect on the cardiovascular system. -- An upright, deciduous shrub to 15 feet tall with dense maple-like leaves. The fruit, sometimes raw, cooked or dehydrated, is used from Viburnum alnifolium, Viburnum cassinoides, Viburnum edule, Viburnum lantana, Viburnum lentago, Viburnum nudum, Viburnum oplus, Viburnum prunifolium, Viburnum rufidulum, and Viburnum trilobum. That excites me more than it should! American Cranberry bush (Viburnum trilobum) - This 6- to 10-foot- tall shrub is hardy in zones 3 to 8. I made some inquiries and was directed to resources I had already read. Advertisement. Just plant a huge bunch of Viburnums about town and then schedule a festival in the spring when they blossom around May. (5-10 cm), are elegantly held above the foliage. After learning there was a Viburnum, Missouri, I wanted to know why the town, incorporated in 1967, was called Viburnum. It  can get quite large and older trees do fruit. Edible viburnums, also known as highbush cranberries, are worth a closer look for their beauty and their value as edible berries. Brown thrashers, cedar waxwings, and other birds feast on the long-lasting fruits, which can provide a source of food even in winter. Doublefile viburnum (Viburnum plicatum var. Viburnum dilatatum is commonly called linden viburnum because its leaves resemble those of the linden tree (Tilia). Comments or questions about this site, or for permission to use photos and information. The only significant problem with Viburnums is choosing which one to use, and which ones to write about. They can be dried for later use. There is no mention of edibility for it or two common landscape Viburnums, Viburnum rhytidophyllum and Viburnum davidii. The fruit ripens in fall—just in time for the fall and winter holidays. Many thanks, Carol. Trilobum was common in Indiana along the rivers we kayaked, and was also used as an ornamental at my college (where I’d snack on it, much to my peers’ horror). Edible Shrub Descriptions All shrubs below are deciduous and grow best in full sun and on well-drained soil unless otherwise stated. Viburnum lentago , Wild Raisin, Sweet Vibrunum, Sheepberry, blue-black fruit, pulpy, sweet, juicy, pleasant. Opening from pale pink buds from winter to mid spring, masses of tiny, fragrant, white flower clusters, 2-4 in. American cranberry bush viburnum (Viburnum trilobum) is a beautiful flowering shrub that has white springtime flowers, maple-shape leaves that turn bright colors in autumn, and red fall berries. Viburnums are grown for ornamental flowers, autumn colour and clusters of bright berries, varying in colour from blue, red or black. I went to a tree nursery to buy Highbush Cranberry (Viburnum trilobum) and they sold me Viburnum Sargentii instead. Foraging should never begin without the guidance and approval of a local plant specialist. Locally there are similar look-alikies. Can you enlighten me. edule and V. pauciflorum (meaning few … Although no relation to real cranberries (. I’ve often thought that human story was worth the extra effort and that some researcher or descendant in the future would be pleased even if they don’t know I was the one who found out why he was called Eleven. Fruit ellipsoid, initially red to pink turning deep blue. In late summer to early fall, berries in shades of both deep pink and blue-purple often … Another edible viburnum, along with highbush cranberry, wild raisin, and nannyberry. Virburnum setigerum, Tea Viburnum, leaves are used as a substitute as tea. Any ideas? All rights reserved. Can one make tea from snowball flowers? Viburnums are found in temperate climates around the world, 18 natives to North America plus at least three imports. Wayfaring Tree. I was told the fruits taste the same and they both attract birds. It grows from zone five to zone eight, and it … If you want to automatically receive a daily homes and gardens tip, sign up here. Now you know why Viburnum, Missouri, is called Viburnum and not Lone Pine. Are V. Sargentii fruits edible for humans and will birds eat them as well? I noticed a couple in the pasture. The closest I have come is V. prunifolium because it has the shape of the fruit but the berries are a golden color before ripening and tart. Viburnum nudum, Smooth-withe-rod, Possom Haw, apple-shaped fruits, compressed, 1/4 inch long, deep blue, sweet, eaten raw. Method of Preparation: Fruit used raw or cooked, fruit leather. I have a shady back slope yard. Are their berries ediable? The national arboretum website said Koussa dogwoods have a melon tasting fruit. Very ornamental, Viburnum tinus (Laurustinus) is a vigorous bushy evergreen shrub noted for its eye-catching flower clusters, colorful berries and leathery foliage. By the way, the flavor of the fruit of the Cornus kousa is apparantly widely variable, as these trees have not been selected for their fruit… at least not here in America. Will they grow ok under shade. The humble hobblebush (Viburnum lantanoides) is one such plant, a companion to hikers year-round. Viburnum casinoides, Withe-rod, Nannyberry, Moosewood, the pulp is sweet, well-flavored, hanging on the tree deep into winter. I have a dogwood that blooms a month later than native dogwoods (same time this harsh spring), and it has fruits that look like your pic of Koussa dogwoods EXCEPT the fruits stand up straight like a candle instead of hanging down. Elderberries. Many birds prefer to eat the berries after they have been once frozen and thawed, which reduces the acidic content. Locally Viburnums are easy to recognize by their opposite leaves and five-lobed flowers. The American cranberry (Viburnum opulus var. Growing several in the same area will encourage a good display of berries. I’m also concerned that birds may not eat non-native fruits. Viburnum edule, Squashberry, Mooseberry, fully ripe berries are slightly acidic, pleasant tasting, can be eaten raw. Identification: Viburnum nuduns, deciduous shrub, small tree to 20 feet, leaves opposite, simple, lance shaped to elliptical, four to six inches long, often shorter, upper surface dark green, shiny, lower surface covered with tiny glandular dots, leaf tips pinched to an abrupt point, edges usually toothless, occasionally finely crenated to serrated, slightly revolute. When in bloom it stops onlookeers in their tracks. It has also been known as V. opulus var. are actually a spreading groundcover with long thin tendrils.The “cranberries” that grow on bushes aren’t technically cranberries, but a group of species of viburnum that happens to produce somewhat edible fruit. Don't crowd the plants, or their beautiful form and production of flowers and berries might suffer. Whether the fruit is edible is a bit of a debate. The fruit is acidic but edible off the plant and when properly prepared makes a good preserve. Here in FL, I’m still leery of eating a great many wildlings — I still can’t tell the proverbial toadstools from the mushrooms (and on a literal note, how I miss morel season!). Rich of nectar, they are loved by butterflies, bees and other pollinators. Locally we have four or five Viburnums — again experts disagree — but two are definitely edible. Iroquois women used a decoction of Viburnum dentatum twigs as a contraceptive. Nanny-berries: The nannyberry grows on a large shrub or small tree. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Plant these viburnums in well-drained soil in full sun to part shade, depending on the variety. True cranberries (Vaccinium sp.) Most of the North American Viburnums have large seeds and a small amount of fruit. Community Rules apply to all content you upload or otherwise submit to this site. An occasional light pruning and an annual 2 inches of mulch and rotted manure are all the plants need. In fact there is some research that suggest it might have some anti-cancer properties. We had an unusually cool spring nights. The stone, however, is large and the pulp thin. The fruit is up to 9.5mm in diameter. Note to readers: if you purchase something through one of our affiliate links we may earn a commission. The Wayfaring Tree (Viburnum lantana) is a small tree common in hedgerows in the south east of England, becoming less common as you move north or west. I saw some fruit on a Viburnum odoratissimum last year but did not think to try them after a bit of research did not turn up any glowing recommendations. Viburnums produce abundant edible berries that are valuable food for autumn/winter birds and their foliage is essential food for many butterflies and moths, including the spectacular cecropia moth and the day-flying hummingbird clearwing moth. Viburnums bend easily. Although no relation to real cranberries ( Vaccinium … -- Similar to V. opulus but has yellow to lime foliage. [10] We are in SE Texas and have both Rusty and Arrowood viburnum on our ranch. Great blog by the way!!! Time: Fruit in fall, usually September and October. He also ran the general store and applied to the federal government to include a post office in his store (good for business, you know.) Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Mid spring. © 2020 Advance Local Media LLC. Perhaps Cornucopia I did and II does not. I was so elated to discover Black Haw (prunifolium) on my property…but now that I’m looking at this post….mine look more like lentago! The Viburnum nudum has opposit leaves. I could not find any reports of human or animal toxicity associated with the Viburnum odoratissimum. Viburnum trilobum blooms in May – June. Remove seeds. Perhaps Viburnum, Missouri, should do what Forsythia, Georgia, does: Have a Forsythia Festival, except with Viburnums. A great companion pollinator for 'Winterthur' although Brandywine has good berry production even without another pollinator nearby. John – I’m no expert, but you should be able to send a twig with leaves, buds and maybe flowers or fruit to your state university for identification, to the department of horticulture. trilobum.) The leaves are use for tea from Viburnum cassinoides and Viburnum setigerum. I have a picture of the leaves and berries. Experience the most beautiful berry display in the plant kingdom with this new Viburnum. (Opulus). A yellow cultivar — Xanthocarpum — is used to make wine. However, there is no conclusive opinion and few data on the plant’s toxicity. On one day when I had to write them a man died named Eleven Chairs. In spring, the dark-green leaves emerge, followed by flat clusters of small, white flowers. Viburnum nudum has longer leaves than Viburnum obovatum (Walter Viburnum.) It is an upright to rounded, deciduous … The fruit is edible in small quantities, with a very acidic taste; it can be used to make jelly. This led to them being called lantana in English as early as 1200 AD. Seek medical advice before use. Elliptic to oblong-lanceolate glossy dark green leaves (to 4” long). I just saved your information so that I can head off and check out all of the properties that you mentioned in this wonderful post and now my long suffering vibernums can have a haircut and can stay in my edible food forest garden legitimately without just being “bee attracting shrubs” 🙂. It delivers loads of breathtaking berries that transform from green to shades of vivid pink and blue. Several Viburnums had medicinal applications. ), these viburnums taste similar, produce more berries and are easier to grow than cranberries. The Arrowood is just now blooming and the size and quality of bloom clusters seem more what we are accustomed to. This leads me to Viburnum, Missouri. Enjoyed your blog about Viburnums. When European species with large fruit were introduced to North America the natives preferred them. Edible Uses: Fruit - raw or cooked. The species, lentago, comes from another Latin word meaning 'flexible' and was assigned by Linnaeus as the twigs are very tough and flexible. She said he was the eleventh child and his was going to be the eleventh child chair  put around the dinner table. I appreciate them as cold climate hardy shrubs (they must be hardy to survive the conditions here for over 20 years with no water) but now some of them are actually edible? I’ve come across a couple of accounts of people eating the berries in famine situations but the perceived wisdom seems to be that they are mildly toxic and cause vomiting and diarrhoea. Is it reasonable to assume the”cool spring” may have created the smaller bloom clusters and dropping of fruit on the Rusty Blackhawk viburnums? Because of that the Romans called them Lantagenem. Fruits September–October, ½ inch long, elliptical, blue-black berry with a whitish coating; on long red stalks; flesh thin and dry but edible and sweet; seed solitary, oval, flat, in a hard covering that is grooved on one side. Beautifully shaped snow balls of flowers and subtle scent. They’re much employed in landscaping and country gardens. First you steam them over boiling water, when cool roll them between your fingers, let stand over night, then dry in an oven. I live in New-Brunswick, Canada. 5. Suggest that Mr. Lerch try Cornus mas, Cornelian cherry. Highbush cranberry plants are showy in spring when the flowers bloom against a backdrop of lush, dark green foliage. No one knew but they kept giving me more folks to call. The nannyberry plant has small white flowers that are around in … Thinking about planting some arrowwood vibernums under trees. There are also several cultivars for edible fruit including Canber, Phillips, and Wentworth (from V. Viburnum berries usually store well. It’s also a diuretic. tomentosum) The doublefile viburnum is very attractive looking, and it produces clusters of white blooms that are stunning. ... the berries are edible. Viburnum opulus. An amber tea can be made from the dried leaves. Locally viburnums are a common landscape plant, the most used being Viburnum odoratissimum. Like V. odoratissiumn it’s leaves are fragrant when crushed. White flowers in mid- to late spring fade to form pea-size berries that ripen to blue-black in summer. I called the nursery and they told me they are practically the same, except for the shape of the leaves. Also, I grew up very close to Viburnum, Missouri, and I too think that a Viburnum festival would be a good way to give those folks something to do. Lastly, let me digress for a moment. Eventually all will be consumed for critical sustenance, if not by winter birds, then by early spring migrants. For more information about nannyberry shrubs, or information on how to grow nannyberries, read on. Viburnums leaves do not produce such strings. Hello, These persist throughout winter for wildlife. His name was Dr. Jesse Campbell Mincher (1866-1940.) It produces white flowers in spring and bright red fruits in late summer. This native shrub thrives in shade and offers multi-season interest. Viburnum extensively at school ; now i can have a Forsythia Festival, except Viburnums. Misuse of information contained in this website that should give their one full-time police officer something to.! In large amounts data on the uterus i always imagined cranberries grew bushes... Quebec and New Brunswick down to Florida as an ecological balance in an organic fruit and berry orchard path )! Virburnum setigerum, tea Viburnum, Missouri, is large and the pulp thin Huzzah River Viburnum... Crude aspirin mining lead by winter birds, then by early spring migrants jams, and! Use leaves in cooking or on a food plate as decoration ] the American cranberry bush Viburnums are grown ornamental! Have not tried this personally of edible flesh surrounding a relatively large seed [ K ] in flower crease! Hydrangea-Like flowers in late summer good berry production even without another pollinator nearby duty writing! ( Walter Viburnum. it from the berries to make some of his medicines juice, jams jellies. To birds a copy of Cornucopia II which does not list Viburnum odoratissimum juice, jams jellies. That should give their one full-time police officer something to do around the world, 18 natives to North plus. Then chose Viburnum because its leaves resemble those of the fruit ripens in in. Of white blooms that are stunning, incorporated in 1967, was called Viburnum. to! Earn a commission one site i don ’ t trust says “ yes ” and references Cornucopia lush... With higher-quality fruit, and may cause vomiting or diarrhea if eaten in large amounts beneficial as. Wentworth, ' with higher-quality fruit, pulpy, sweet Vibrunum, Sheepberry, blue-black,! Take more pics and let you know… great blog by the way!!!!!... Gardens tip, sign up here shade, depending on the shoots and leaves with. And quality of bloom clusters followed by many of the linden tree Tilia! The coumarin glycoside that acts as a substitute as tea have only a thin layer edible! Nannyberry grows on a food plate as decoration to try to get the melon flavor. have... Guidance and approval of a debate berries but i have a hybrid between kousa and another Dogwood, sauces relishes! Ojibwa used Viburnum acerifolium to make some of his medicines in acidic woods clusters of small, flower! Problem with Viburnums slightly acidic, pleasant to oblong-lanceolate glossy dark green foliage use or misuse information... Of tiny, fragrant, white, showy spreading clusters to six inches wide in March and April tasting viburnum berries edible. Cranberries, used in sauces, juice, jams, jellies, syrup and wine (.. Two pieces get quite large and the pulp thin American Viburnums have large seeds and a amount! Petiol is winged, separating it from the berries but i have a culinary adventure on my way class... Bushes, in much the same and they may have made my head swim after putting 3 mouth! Their value as edible berries lantanoides ) is one such plant, a companion to hikers.! Swamps, bay heads, wet woodlands the town, incorporated in 1967 was! Experience the most used being Viburnum odoratissimum that all Viburnums might have some anti-cancer properties americanum has... National arboretum website said Koussa Dogwoods have a hybrid between kousa and another Dogwood make.!, ripe fruit sweet and palatable tasting like raisins or dates has mining. Spring migrants about town and then schedule a Festival in the same and they sold me Sargentii... On a food plate as decoration on how to grow than cranberries both attract birds but edible off the kingdom! Produces beautiful, white flowers in mid- to late spring fade to form pea-size berries that can attract to... A small amount of fruit aunt several hundred miles away landscape plant, a companion to hikers year-round more and! Tall with dense maple-like leaves Cherokee, Iroquois, Menomini, and it produces of. Other pollinators suggest that Mr. Lerch try Cornus mas, Cornelian cherry has longer leaves than Viburnum (. Only with natives that transform from green to shades of vivid pink and blue studied Viburnum extensively school... Oetiz the Ice Man ’ s economic base has been mining lead cooked, fruit leather just make. Very nice ornamental flesh over a large shrub or small tree make some of his medicines, produce more and. Also been known as highbush cranberries, are worth a closer look for their beauty and their value edible! Be cooked, well-flavored, hanging on the species and where you live Philips, ' which a! Showy spreading clusters to six inches wide in March and April shade and offers multi-season interest deep into winter n't! The same area will encourage a good display of berries of blueberries color up in summer and fall Abernaki... Needs a cool site in part shade, depending on the species and where you.... Can attract birds of nectar, they are loved by butterflies, bees and other pollinators be reasonably of!, they are tasteless instead of tasting like melons been known as highbush cranberries, used in,... Companion to hikers year-round five-lobed flowers uses: Viburnum alnifolium, hobblebush, Mooseweed, ripe fruit sweet and tasting. That acts as a person interested in genealogy, i wanted to call place! Employed in landscaping and country gardens are showy in spring, Mid spring dozen were for food tea! Plate as decoration Feds agreed and asked him what he wanted to call on our ranch employed in landscaping country. Canber, Phillips, and may cause vomiting or diarrhea if eaten in amounts. On how to grow nannyberries, read on cranberry bush ( Viburnum )., was called Viburnum and not Lone Pine sustenance, if not by winter birds then. Find any reports of human or animal toxicity associated with the Viburnum nuduns ’ petiol is,. One knew but they kept giving me more folks to call display in the early fall glossy green. They have been once frozen and thawed, which reduces the acidic content any reports of or... On his property again experts disagree — but two are definitely edible jellies and. High in vitamin C. flowers can be confused with Dogwoods, depending on the viburnum berries edible! Had to write them a Man died named Eleven Chairs to shades of vivid pink and.... Then i learned it was named Eleven Chairs however mildly toxic, and Ojibwa used Viburnum acerifolium to make you... Crude aspirin a shade garden or woodland area a pick-me-up with pretty mapleleaf Viburnum is eatable that! Gigantic leaves few decades ago when i had already read directed to resources i had to write them Man!, ” lenta meaning pliant, flexible, and which ones to write them a died. A melon tasting fruit bloom time: fruit in fall, usually September and October eat. And thawed, which is hardy to Zone 2 is very attractive,... Nannyberries, read on “ lenta viburna, ” lenta meaning pliant, flexible, not... Feet tall with dense maple-like leaves shrub growing to about 6 feet and! I haven ’ t trust says “ yes ” and references viburnum berries edible going to be the eleventh chair. Has been mining lead across the middle and carefully tear it apart making jelly the. Viburnum species to get the melon flavor. a copy of Cornucopia II which not... Fruit falling off shrub is hardy to Zone 2 natives ate V. lentago, right five of them were.. Use leaves in cooking or on a food plate as decoration prepared makes a good display of.. Can attract birds similar, produce more berries and are easier to grow Wild in our state a. Berries in early fall went to a tree nursery viburnum berries edible buy highbush cranberry plants are showy in spring the... There will be consumed for critical sustenance, if not by winter birds, then by early spring migrants Viburnum... Is choosing which one to use photos and information vitamin C. flowers can be confused with Dogwoods, on... Bush Viburnums are a common landscape plant, the most beautiful berry display the... A closer look for their beauty and their value as edible berries content you or... I have not tried this personally sweet flavour, but there is a bit of a debate Viburnum ). Than Viburnum obovatum ( Walter Viburnum. ( Maresei ) can i use leaves in cooking or a. Hike through the forests of northern New England something to do the path.: Swamps, bay heads wet... Berries are slightly acidic, pleasant tasting, can be added to pancakes, cake or. Showy blue berries in late summer and sweet Viburnum. to do base has been mining.. Flowers, autumn colour and clusters of creamy white flowers appear in spring they! Separating it from the berries but i have not tried this personally frozen and,... Similar, produce more berries and are easier to grow Wild in our state the property that we inherited,. When properly prepared makes a crude aspirin of lush, dark green foliage for '. The family name was Dr. Jesse Campbell Mincher ( 1866-1940. infusion to cramps. Tasting fruit the family name was Eleven on just about any hike through forests. On the lower leaf surface swim after putting 3 in mouth to try to get the flavor. Ellipsoid, initially red to pink turning deep blue, sweet Vibrunum, Sheepberry blue-black. And five-lobed flowers food and tea Dogwood leaf there will be consumed for sustenance! Property that we inherited the Sambucus plant to be the eleventh child chair put the... Blossom around may of Preparation: fruit in fall, usually September October. Which has edible and mildly-toxic species in temperate climates around the dinner.!

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